A total eclipse of the Moon occurred on 19 January, 1581 UT Old Style, with maximum eclipse at 21:22 UT. The Moon was plunged into darkness for 1 hour and 25 minutes, in a deep total eclipse which saw the Moon 33% of its diameter inside the Earth's umbral shadow. The visual effect of this depends on the state of the Earth's atmosphere, but the Moon may have been stained a deep red colour. The partial eclipse lasted for 3 hours and 47 minutes in total.

The penumbral eclipse lasted for 6 hours and 14 minutes. The partial eclipse lasted for 3 hours and 47 minutes. The total eclipse lasted for 1 hour and 25 minutes. Maximum eclipse was at 21:22:49 UT.

During this eclipse the Moon was just a day before apogee, making it very small. At maximum eclipse it was 0.498° in apparent diameter, which is 6.2% smaller than average. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Interactive Map

This map shows the visibility of the eclipse at maximum eclipse, when it was visible within the bright area on the map. Note that the map is approximate, and if you were near the edge of the area of visibility, the moon was very close to the horizon and may not have been practically visible.

You can use the zoom controls to zoom in and out, and pan to see areas of interest. The green marker in the centre shows where the Moon will be directly overhead at maximum eclipse.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA's Eclipse Web Site shows the visibility of the eclipse. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 28th eclipse in lunar Saros series 117.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 21:22:49 on 19 Jan UT TDT Date/time (max) 21:24:57 on 19 Jan TDT
Saros Series 117 Number in Series 27
Penumbral Magnitiude 2.4347 Central Magnitiude 1.332
Gamma -0.2589 Path Width (km)
Delta T 2m08s Error ± 0m39s (95%)
Penumbral Duration 6h14m Partial Duration 3h47m
Total Duration 1h25m
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 147488201 km (8.1%) Moon Distance 406101 km (98.8%)
Sun Diameter 0.541° Moon Diameter 0.490° - 0.498°
Perigee 23:56 on 5 Jan UT Apogee 17:16 on 20 Jan UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listings are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:45 UTC.