A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Friday 3 May, 1715 UT (22 Apr, 1715 Old Style), with maximum eclipse at 09:36 UT. A dramatic total eclipse plunged the Sun into darkness for 4 minutes and 14 seconds at maximum, creating an amazing spectacle for observers in a very broad path, 295 km wide at maximum. It was seen from a broad swath across England and Wales, Scandinavia, and northern Russia. The partial eclipse was visible across Europe, central Asia, and north-west Africa.

The total eclipse lasted for 4 minutes and 14 seconds. Maximum eclipse was at 09:36:20 UT.

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.528° in apparent diameter, 0.9% smaller than average. The Moon was just a day past perigee, making it very large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.555°, and at maximum eclipse 0.562°, which is 5.8% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

This eclipse (which occurred on 22 April, 1715 in the Old style calendar still in use in the United Kingdom at the time) was predicted in detail by Edmond Halley, and is known as Halley's Eclipse. See Wikipedia's article on the eclipse, and Halley's broadsheet map of the eclipse path.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA's Eclipse Web Site shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 60th eclipse in solar Saros series 114.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 09:36:20 on 3 May UT TDT Date/time (max) 09:36:30 on 3 May TDT
Saros Series 114 Number in Series 59
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0632
Gamma 0.7112 Path Width (km) 295
Delta T 0m10s Error ± 0m08s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 4m14s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 150982201 km (80.4%) Moon Distance 358800 km (4.8%)
Sun Diameter 0.528° Moon Diameter 0.555° - 0.562°
Perigee 14:58 on 2 May UT Apogee 04:58 on 15 May UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listings are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.