A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Wednesday 30 June, 1954 UT, lasting from 10:00–15:03 UT. A dramatic total eclipse plunged the Sun into darkness for 2 minutes and 35 seconds at maximum, creating an amazing spectacle for observers in a path up to 153 km wide. It was seen across the central U.S., north-eastern Canada, southern Greenland, Iceland, and Scandinavia, eastern Europe, and the Middle East and into India. The partial eclipse was visible over the eastern U.S., Europe, the Middle East, western Asia, and north-east Africa.

The timings of the phases of the overall eclipse worldwide are as follows. In any particular place it would have been seen for a significantly shorter duration as the shadow moved across the Earth:

Partial eclipse began: 10:00:58 UT
Total eclipse began: 11:06:57 UT
Maximum eclipse: 12:32:09 UT
Total eclipse ended: 13:57:24 UT
Partial eclipse ended: 15:03:29 UT

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.524° in apparent diameter, 1.6% smaller than average. The Moon was just 3 days past perigee, making it relatively large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.536°, and at maximum eclipse 0.543°, which is 2.3% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

The next eclipse in the triple-Saros series will be on Aug 1, 2008, far to the north of Britain.

The total eclipse passed directly over the Faroes, and just clipped the north of the Shetland islands (the centreline didn't touch the British mainland).

Interactive Map

This map shows the visibility of the eclipse. The shaded area saw the total solar eclipse; however, near the edges of this area, the eclipse was very short. The bold line shows the centre of the path, where the eclipse lasted longest.

Use the zoom controls to zoom in and out; hover your mouse over any point on the centreline to see the time and duration of the eclipse at that point. You can pan and zoom the map to see detail for any part of the eclipse path.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA's Eclipse Web Site shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 44th eclipse in solar Saros series 126.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 12:32:07 on 30 Jun UT TDT Date/time (max) 12:32:38 on 30 Jun TDT
Saros Series 126 Number in Series 43
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0357
Gamma 0.6135 Path Width (km) 153
Delta T 0m31s Error ± 0m00s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 2m35s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 152093488 km (103.4%) Moon Distance 371431 km (29.9%)
Sun Diameter 0.524° Moon Diameter 0.536° - 0.543°
Perigee 10:19 on 27 Jun UT Apogee 08:27 on 9 Jul UT
Contact p1 10:00:58 on 30 Jun UT Contact p2
Contact u1 11:06:57 on 30 Jun UT Contact u2 11:08:35 on 30 Jun UT
Max eclipse 12:32:09 on 30 Jun UT
Contact u3 13:55:52 on 30 Jun UT Contact u4 13:57:24 on 30 Jun UT
Contact p3 Contact p4 15:03:29 on 30 Jun UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listings are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.