The timings of the phases of the overall eclipse worldwide are as follows. In any particular place it will be seen for a significantly shorter duration as the shadow moves across the Earth:
|Partial eclipse begins:||13:33:48 UT|
|Total eclipse begins:||14:32:28 UT|
|Maximum eclipse:||16:13:23 UT|
|Total eclipse ends:||17:54:13 UT|
|Partial eclipse ends:||18:53:00 UT|
During this eclipse the Sun will be 0.542° in apparent diameter, 1.6% larger than average. The Moon will be just 2 days past perigee, making it fairly large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon will be 0.546°, and at maximum eclipse 0.555°, which is 4.6% larger than average; hence it will cover the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.
The eclipse begins east of the Marquesas islands, and passes well north of Easter Island and south of the Juan Fernandez islands before reaching South America.
The total eclipse reaches Chile at 16:01 UT, the centreline of the total eclipse making landfall just south of Punto Saavedra. The path is 90 km (55.9 miles) wide here, and the eclipse will last 2 minutes and 8 seconds on the centreline. In fact, the eclipse duration is at least this long for the whole of its time on land.
The eclipse moves south-east over Gorbea and Villarrica, and reaches the Argentina border at 16:05 UT. It crosses the country and reaches maximum eclipse at 16:13 UT; at this point, the total eclipse will last 2 minutes 9 seconds on the centreline, and will be visible over a path 90 km (55.9 miles) wide.
The total eclipse passes Valcheta about 16:18 UT; 2 minutes later it reaches the Golfo San Matías, just south of San Antonio Oeste. The centreline of the eclipse touches land again around Moron, and finally heads into open ocean about 16:24 UT. It then heads off over the Atlantic towards Africa, but ends before it reaches land.
This map shows the visibility of the eclipse. The shaded area will see the total solar eclipse; however, near the edges of this area, the eclipse will be very short. The bold line shows the centre of the path, where the eclipse will last longest, so this is where you want to be if possible.
Use the zoom controls to zoom in and out; hover your mouse over any point on the centreline to see the time and duration of the eclipse at that point. You can pan and zoom the map to see detail for any part of the eclipse path.
This map sourced from NASA's Eclipse Web Site shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse will be seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)
This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:
This is the 23rd eclipse in solar Saros series 142.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:
|UT Date/time (max)||16:13:27 on 14 Dec UT||TDT Date/time (max)||16:14:39 on 14 Dec TDT|
|Saros Series||142||Number in Series||22|
|Penumbral Magnitiude||Central Magnitiude||1.0254|
|Gamma||-0.2939||Path Width (km)||90|
|Delta T||1m12s||Error||± 0m05s (95%)|
|Penumbral Duration||Partial Duration|
|Partial Rating||minor||Total Rating||travel|
|Sun Distance||147249284 km (3.2%)||Moon Distance||364408 km (15.9%)|
|Sun Diameter||0.542°||Moon Diameter||0.546° - 0.555°|
|Perigee||20:43 on 12 Dec UT||Apogee||16:33 on 24 Dec UT|
|Contact p1||13:33:48 on 14 Dec UT||Contact p2|
|Contact u1||14:32:28 on 14 Dec UT||Contact u2||14:33:00 on 14 Dec UT|
|Max eclipse||16:13:23 on 14 Dec UT|
|Contact u3||17:53:45 on 14 Dec UT||Contact u4||17:54:13 on 14 Dec UT|
|Contact p3||Contact p4||18:53:00 on 14 Dec UT|
The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.
Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.