A total eclipse of the Moon occurred on Sunday 31 December, 1656 UT (21 Dec, 1656 Old Style), with maximum eclipse at 10:40 UT. A dramatic total eclipse lasting 1 hour and 36 minutes plunged the full Moon into deep darkness, as it passed right through the centre of the Earth's umbral shadow. While the visual effect of a total eclipse is variable, the Moon may have been stained a deep orange or red colour at maximum eclipse. This was a great spectacle for everyone who saw it. The partial eclipse lasted for 3 hours and 35 minutes in total.

The penumbral eclipse lasted for 5 hours and 35 minutes. The partial eclipse lasted for 3 hours and 35 minutes. The total eclipse lasted for 1 hour and 36 minutes. Maximum eclipse was at 10:40:23 UT.

During this eclipse the Moon was just 3 days before perigee, making it relatively large. At maximum eclipse it was 0.546° in apparent diameter, which is 2.8% larger than average. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Interactive Map

This map shows the visibility of the eclipse at maximum eclipse, when it was visible within the bright area on the map. Note that the map is approximate, and if you were near the edge of the area of visibility, the moon was very close to the horizon and may not have been practically visible.

You can use the zoom controls to zoom in and out, and pan to see areas of interest. The green marker in the centre shows where the Moon will be directly overhead at maximum eclipse.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA Goddard Space flight Center: GSFC Eclipse Web SiteGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
shows the visibility of the eclipse. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 3 eclipses:

This was the 41st eclipse in lunar Saros series 119.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 10:40:23 on 31 Dec UT TDT Date/time (max) 10:41:02 on 31 Dec TDT
Saros Series 119 Number in Series 40
Penumbral Magnitiude 2.6134 Central Magnitiude 1.6037
Gamma -0.1359 Path Width (km)
Delta T 0m39s Error ± 0m39s (95%)
Penumbral Duration 5h35m Partial Duration 3h35m
Total Duration 1h36m
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 147076892 km (-0.4%) Moon Distance 370801 km (28.6%)
Sun Diameter 0.542° Moon Diameter 0.537° - 0.546°
Apogee 14:04 on 22 Dec UT Perigee 08:19 on 3 Jan UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listingsGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.