A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Saturday 5 July, 1777 UT (24 Jun, 1777 Old Style), with maximum eclipse at 00:29 UT. A dramatic total eclipse plunged the Sun into darkness for 3 minutes and 17 seconds at maximum, creating an amazing spectacle for observers in a path up to 115 km wide.

The total eclipse lasted for 3 minutes and 17 seconds. Maximum eclipse was at 00:29:12 UT.

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.524° in apparent diameter, 1.6% smaller than average. The Moon was just 3 days past perigee, making it relatively large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.532°, and at maximum eclipse 0.540°, which is 1.8% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA Goddard Space flight Center: GSFC Eclipse Web SiteGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 40th eclipse in solar Saros series 123.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 00:29:12 on 5 Jul UT TDT Date/time (max) 00:29:29 on 5 Jul TDT
Saros Series 123 Number in Series 39
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0305
Gamma -0.4531 Path Width (km) 115
Delta T 0m17s Error ± 0m03s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 3m17s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 152108579 km (103.7%) Moon Distance 374007 km (35.0%)
Sun Diameter 0.524° Moon Diameter 0.532° - 0.540°
Perigee 09:04 on 1 Jul UT Apogee 10:22 on 13 Jul UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listingsGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.