A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Thursday 21 December, 1843 UT (9 Dec, 1843 Old Style), with maximum eclipse at 05:03 UT. The Sun was darkened for 1 minute and 43 seconds by a dramatic total eclipse covering a narrow path at most 66 km wide. This was a sight worth seeing.

The total eclipse lasted for 1 minute and 43 seconds. Maximum eclipse was at 05:03:20 UT.

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.542° in apparent diameter, 1.7% larger than average. The Moon was just 2 days past perigee, making it fairly large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.543°, and at maximum eclipse 0.551°, which is 3.8% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon, and the Moon data page displays detailed information on the Moon's key dates.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA Goddard Space flight Center: GSFC Eclipse Web SiteGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. (NASA Goddard Space flight Center)
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 20th eclipse in solar Saros series 139.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

This Saros series, solar Saros series 139, is linked to lunar Saros series 132. The nearest partner eclipses in that series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 05:03:20 on 21 Dec UT TDT Date/time (max) 05:03:26 on 21 Dec TDT
Saros Series 139 Number in Series 19
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0165
Gamma 0.5227 Path Width (km) 66
Delta T 0m06s Error ± 0m01s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 1m43s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 147141221 km (1.0%) Moon Distance 366648 km (20.4%)
Sun Diameter 0.542° Moon Diameter 0.543° - 0.551°
Perigee 00:59 on 19 Dec UT Apogee 18:49 on 30 Dec UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listingsGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. (NASA Goddard Space flight Center)
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon, and the Moon data page displays detailed information on the Moon's key dates.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.