A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Tuesday 8 September, 1885 UT (27 Aug, 1885 Old Style), with maximum eclipse at 20:51 UT. A dramatic total eclipse plunged the Sun into darkness for 2 minutes and 31 seconds at maximum, creating an amazing spectacle for observers in a broad path up to 211 km wide.

The total eclipse lasted for 2 minutes and 31 seconds. Maximum eclipse was at 20:51:58 UT.

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.530° in apparent diameter, 0.6% smaller than average. The Moon was just 2 days past perigee, making it relatively large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.542°, and at maximum eclipse 0.547°, which is 3.0% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA Goddard Space flight Center: GSFC Eclipse Web SiteGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 46th eclipse in solar Saros series 123.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 20:51:58 on 8 Sep UT TDT Date/time (max) 20:51:52 on 8 Sep TDT
Saros Series 123 Number in Series 45
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0332
Gamma -0.8489 Path Width (km) 211
Delta T -1m-6s Error ± 0m00s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 2m31s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 150607723 km (72.7%) Moon Distance 367106 km (21.3%)
Sun Diameter 0.530° Moon Diameter 0.542° - 0.547°
Perigee 14:05 on 6 Sep UT Apogee 10:20 on 18 Sep UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listingsGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.