A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Friday 31 July, 1981 UT, with maximum eclipse at 03:45 UT. A dramatic total eclipse plunged the Sun into darkness for 2 minutes and 2 seconds at maximum, creating an amazing spectacle for observers in a path up to 108 km wide.

The total eclipse lasted for 2 minutes and 2 seconds. Maximum eclipse was at 03:45:45 UT.

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.525° in apparent diameter, 1.5% smaller than average. The Moon was just 4 days past perigee, making it relatively large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.531°, and at maximum eclipse 0.539°, which is 1.5% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Interactive Map

This map shows the visibility of the eclipse. The shaded area saw the total solar eclipse; however, near the edges of this area, the eclipse was very short. The bold line shows the centre of the path, where the eclipse lasted longest.

Use the zoom controls to zoom in and out; hover your mouse over any point on the centreline to see the time and duration of the eclipse at that point. You can pan and zoom the map to see detail for any part of the eclipse path.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA Goddard Space flight Center: GSFC Eclipse Web SiteGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 20th eclipse in solar Saros series 145.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 03:45:45 on 31 Jul UT TDT Date/time (max) 03:46:37 on 31 Jul TDT
Saros Series 145 Number in Series 19
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0258
Gamma 0.5792 Path Width (km) 108
Delta T 0m52s Error ± 0m00s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 2m02s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 151854538 km (98.4%) Moon Distance 374553 km (36.1%)
Sun Diameter 0.525° Moon Diameter 0.531° - 0.539°
Perigee 09:21 on 27 Jul UT Apogee 11:32 on 8 Aug UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listingsGSFC Eclipse Web Site
The primary source of all the information on eclipses presented here at Hermit Eclipse. [NASA Goddard Space flight Center]
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.