A total eclipse of the Sun occurred on Thursday 21 September, 1922 UT (8 Sep, 1922 Old Style), lasting from 02:04–07:16 UT. A dramatic total eclipse plunged the Sun into darkness for 5 minutes and 59 seconds at maximum, creating an amazing spectacle for observers in a broad path up to 226 km wide. It was seen in the horn of Africa, and across Australia.

The timings of the phases of the overall eclipse worldwide are as follows. In any particular place it would have been seen for a significantly shorter duration as the shadow moved across the Earth:

Partial eclipse began: 02:04:05 UT
Total eclipse began: 02:58:22 UT
Maximum eclipse: 04:40:08 UT
Total eclipse ended: 06:21:49 UT
Partial eclipse ended: 07:16:07 UT

During this eclipse the Sun was 0.531° in apparent diameter, 0.4% smaller than average. The Moon was at perigee, making it extremely large. At the start and end of the eclipse the Moon was 0.557°, and at maximum eclipse 0.567°, which is 6.8% larger than average; hence it covered the Sun, making this a total eclipse. The statistics page has information on the ranges of the sizes of the Sun and Moon.

This eclipse was used to confirm the observations of the bending of light from the 1919 eclipse, to further prove the correctness of Einstein's General Relativity. See Wikipedia.

Interactive Map

This map shows the visibility of the eclipse. The shaded area saw the total solar eclipse; however, near the edges of this area, the eclipse was very short. The bold line shows the centre of the path, where the eclipse lasted longest.

Use the zoom controls to zoom in and out; hover your mouse over any point on the centreline to see the time and duration of the eclipse at that point. You can pan and zoom the map to see detail for any part of the eclipse path.

Overview Map

This map sourced from NASA's Eclipse Web Site shows the visibility of the total solar eclipse. It also shows the broader area in which a partial eclipse was seen. (Click on it for the full-sized version.)

Eclipse Season and Saros Series

This eclipse season contains 2 eclipses:

This was the 40th eclipse in solar Saros series 133.The surrounding eclipses in this Saros series are:

Eclipse Parameters

UT Date/time (max) 04:40:08 on 21 Sep UT TDT Date/time (max) 04:40:31 on 21 Sep TDT
Saros Series 133 Number in Series 39
Penumbral Magnitiude Central Magnitiude 1.0678
Gamma -0.213 Path Width (km) 226
Delta T 0m23s Error ± 0m00s (95%)
Penumbral Duration Partial Duration
Total Duration 5m59s
Partial Rating Total Rating
Sun Distance 150172322 km (63.6%) Moon Distance 357124 km (1.4%)
Sun Diameter 0.531° Moon Diameter 0.557° - 0.567°
Apogee 18:22 on 7 Sep UT Perigee 05:37 on 21 Sep UT
Contact p1 02:04:05 on 21 Sep UT Contact p2
Contact u1 02:58:22 on 21 Sep UT Contact u2 03:01:04 on 21 Sep UT
Max eclipse 04:40:08 on 21 Sep UT
Contact u3 06:19:06 on 21 Sep UT Contact u4 06:21:49 on 21 Sep UT
Contact p3 Contact p4 07:16:07 on 21 Sep UT

Note that while all dates and times on this site (except where noted) are in UT, which is within a second of civil time, the dates and times shown in NASA's eclipse listings are in the TDT timescale.

The Sun and Moon distances are shown in km, and as a percentage of their minimum - maximum distances; hence 0% is the closest possible (Earth's perihelion, or the Moon's closest possible perigee) and 100% is the farthest (aphelion, the farthest apogee). The statistics page has information on the ranges of sizes of the Sun and Moon.

Data last updated: 2015-06-21 22:11:46 UTC.